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Home arrow World arrow Africa arrow Nurturing The “Biopolitical Instinct” And Grinding Down “Political Malice” – The Solution To Nigeria
Nurturing The “Biopolitical Instinct” And Grinding Down “Political Malice” – The Solution To Nigeria PDF Print E-mail
Written by Dr. Menizibeya Osain   
Sep 22, 2011 at 02:16 AM

The heightened terror activities of the Yusufua Maiduguri, popularly known as Boko Haram, and other groups in recent times in the Nigerian state, are threats not only to national, but global security. With the security breach in the country, it is imperative to create sustainable security architecture for Nigeria. In this epistle, major approaches that maybe considered for the security of the country are briefly outlined.

After the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack, terrorism countermeasures took a more holistic approach, not only in the United States of America, but also in most developed countries of the world. Recent security gaps in the Nigerian state caused by heightened terror activities of the Yusufua Maiduguri (Boko Haram), and other groups are threats both to national and global security. The indiscriminate bombing and killing of innocent civilians, especially the August 26, 2011 bombing of the United Nation’s building in the Nigerian capital Abuja that left 23 persons dead and over 100 injured, has caused a great breach in psychosocial development of the nation.  

Current security challenges in Nigeria include religious extremism; domestic extremism; interethnic, unlawful and indiscriminate killings; violent secessionist movements; state-aided terrorism; foreign threats; natural disasters; critical infrastructural vulnerabilities; failing and failed states; cyber attacks; weapons and explosive trade; uncontrolled border and trans-border crossings, corruption-aided security and intelligence lapses.

A significant milestone needed in Nigeria’s security struggle is to nurture and preserve the “biopolitical instinct” and grind down “political malice”. Nurturing biopolitical instinct in the empiricist view point, means causing individual differences in behavioral traits to preserve the biological life of the state, to positively influence the environment, and may be transmitted from generation to generation. Thus given rise to a society with shared national interest. Biopolitics can be viewed by addressing the Nigerian populace in term of religion, culture, wealth, health in the pluralist context to reflect core national security interest and preserve democracy. Without doubts, “biopolitical instinct” and the death of “political malice” is what Nigeria needs to advance the security challenges encountered in recent times. Security threats can better be managed and prepared for by the collaborative efforts of the citizens, all agencies of government, stakeholders, and the private sectors. The use of violence and terror activities to pursue political, religious and ideological intents must be responded to adequately by the government without prejudice. It is important for government to sort grounds in addressing “political malice” resulting from wide ranges of biopolitical misunderstanding.

A critical aspect of terrorism tracking techniques is active and ongoing surveillance, and intelligence gathering. Although disapproved by the renowned French philosopher, Michel Foucault for reason of erosion of civil liberties, heightened policing of people is a useful method in detecting risk areas. Security issues which are supposed to be one of the top agenda on national developmental plan had suffered significantly as evidenced in the recent times. President Dr. Goodluck Ebele Jonathan has reaffirmed his responsibility to protecting the Nigerian state. Evidently, there is increase in policing.

Although several aspects of security still suffer, intelligence gathering too seems to have taken a new turn. In view of the short-comings, there is urgent need to address the security gaps in the country. The security architectural network may also consider the holistic model recommended here (Figure 1). The model in figure 1 puts into consideration modern security challenges of the Nigerian state. Security management here is viewed as interplay between several government agencies, and increase interagency collaboration. A successful security network must also adequately, on a daily basis, assess security risks, research better ways in protecting the citizenry, and critical infrastructure.  In modern society, security management is viewed as interplay between several government agencies, as well as interagency collaboration.  

Frankly, the primary concern in the Nigerian security system is to pursue adequate intelligence gathering.

The following recommendations maybe considered for the security network of the Nigerian state:

  1. Intensify policing, surveillance, and intelligence gathering in every sector of national development;
  2. Enhance security of communication, air space, economic, transport, public health systems and critical infrastructure; improve law enforcement, prevent crime, border and trans-border services and immigration enforcement, and emergency management;  
  3. Outline specific security policies, guidelines for all organizations in the nation’s developmental plan;
  4. Anti-corruption agency to routinely provide reports on suspicious transfer of money; 
  5. Conduct routine review of Nigeria’s mission abroad;
  6. Conduct routine review of weapons proliferation;
  7. Security risks to be monitored on a daily basis;
  8. Research better ways in protecting the citizenry, and critical infrastructure;
  9. Employ the use of modern security gadgets/techniques at strategic locations: gamma-ray system, ion mobility spectrometer, effective screening of containers for explosives, chemical, biological, radiological agents; advance the development of Biosensors, and digital fingerprinting technology;
  10. Improve biosecurity measures and policy;  
  11. Introduce inter-, intra-intelligence agency for further tightening up of security gaps;
  12. Provide round-the-clock monitoring of security issues;
  13. Exercise the biopower responsibility of the state where necessary;
  14. Join other countries in advancing the security issues at home and abroad;
  15. Inform and educate the citizens on security issues;
  16. Address glaring issues such as socio-economic inequalities; manage pandemics, and natural disasters, while preserving sovereignty, and territoriality of the Nigerian state.

Future terrorist tracking techniques might employ “computer based human phenotypology”. The techniques will involve computer programming that stores and identify the phenotypic properties of suspected terrorists, monitors its activities using high-tech satellite response system, in addition to the traditional policing, and surveillance.  


Figure 1: The Proposed Holistic Security Architecture of the Nigerian State

*SR – Suggestion Forum. Security management here is viewed as interplay between several government agencies, interagency collaboration. The President and National Security Adviser being the security heads are subordinated by sub-controllers. As part of corruption/security control measures analogical system maybe set up in all states of the federation and integrated to the federal system. All responsible state agencies in addition to giving their report to their federal centers must be mandated to provide routine security report to the security advisers of their state government, who will report likewise to the Office of the President on National Security. Routine security reform, national security policy amendment, and review are to be carried out under stipulated period of time. Specific ministries relate directly to the president, but it is imperative for them to relate to the Office of the National Security Adviser, regarding security issues.


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Last Updated ( Sep 22, 2011 at 02:22 AM )
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